High/Scope education model which was developed and designed by David Weikart and his team in the U.S.A is an educational program which supports children’s holistic development.
High Scope educational model which is based on Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget’s cognitive developmental theory and Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and his scaffolding system and overlapping with Howard Gardner’s multiple intelligences theory, holds a child-centered approach. However, the activities in the daily program are both teacher-initiated and child-initiated and they are balanced. Comparing with the only child-initiated programs and only teacher-initiated programs, this balanced program which puts Active Learning philosophy into its center has meaningful results in school and life success measurements.
In the program, various skills and developmental areas are supported with Key Developmental Indicators. These skills aligned with different development areas are developmentally appropriate. Key Developmental Indicators which reinforce and widen existing and developing children’s abilities and skills are beneficial in the long term as they cover general content of the skills.
Key Developmental Indicators:
- Learning Approaches
- Socio-Emotional Development
- Physical Development and Health
- Language, Literacy and Communication
- Creative Art
- Science and Technology
- Social Sciences
One of the most important part in High Scope daily routine is Plan-Do-Review sequence. In the sequence which includes planning, working and recalling respectively, children have opportunity to make a plan regarding their area of interest; apply the plan and work on it; recall their plans and evaluate the application of their plans. Children see that they are capable of planning, applying the plans they have made and by thinking about the problems they have encountered, they evaluate how they can solve them next time. Therefore, their self-confidence and sense of responsibility increase and thus their independency develops. Since there are no certain expectations or one right answers children work creatively and intrinsically. Adults role is to encourage children to think by asking open-ended questions and develop their problem-solving skills and time to time challenge them to move one step further.